Chersky National Park

Chersky National Park

IBPN FEB RAS (Magadan) initiates the creation of Chersky National Park in the Magadan Region.

The national park is a specially protected natural area (SPNA) with federal conservation status. National Park is a visiting card of the territory, an opportunity to attract tourists and private business investments. The national park is an additional vector for the development of the region, job opportunities for the local population.

The park will be located in the north of the Magadan region, in the Susumansky, Tenkinsky and Yagodninsky administrative districts, in the southern spurs of the Chersky ridge. The area is located in the southern borders of the Arctic region in accordance with the ideas of the Arctic Council (CAFF border) and can be considered as a model point for tracking the dynamics of natural changes on the border of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. It includes two clusters: Jack London Lake and Omulyovsky Park. The total planned area of ​​the park is 6.4 thousand sq. km.

 

Video: Berezhnoi M.I. and Andreev А.V.

Cluster I. ”Jack London Lake”

The area is located on the left bank of the Upper Kolyma and captures the Bolshoi and Maly Annachag ranges, which are part of the Chersky ridge mountain ranges. Its area is 1.9 thousand sq. km.

The natural value of the territory is represented by mountain lakes, alpine landscapes with glacial valleys and moraines, mountain and valley flora and fauna of the Upper Kolyma basin. Jack London Lake is included in the list of the most important wetlands of the Magadan Region and in the cadastre of typical and unique “Wetlands of Russia”.

It is reliably known about the location of four sites of the Stone Age on the territory of the cluster. Numerous findings in the pits indicate the prospect of further archaeological work. The remains of bonfires, places for cutting animals, dwellings, workshops for the manufacture of stone tools, finds of bone tools, ceramics were found there. The area is promising for research by historians, archaeologists and biologists.

Cluster II. "Park Omulyovsky"

This cluster is represented by the mountain-lake region, limited by the ranges of Okhandya, Cherge, Ulakhan-Chistay, Omulevskoe Midlands. Its area is 4.5 thousand sq. km.

Mountain lakes represent the natural value of the cluster. Their diversity (by origin and hydrological and chemical indicators) and altitudinal zonation formed a unique natural complex for the North-East of Russia. It includes several large (up to 23 sq. km) and deep (down to 110 m) lakes adjacent to different parts of the Kolyma basin. The intermountain trough, in which the lake-river complex was formed, continues to the north, to the territory of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), where the creation of SPNA is also planned.

The area is included in the list of the most important wetlands of the Magadan Region, with numerous rare and red-listed species, such as musk deer, bighorn, and gyrfalcon.

The area is rich in historical monuments. Since ancient times this is the territory of active residence and management of the indigenous population of the Kolyma. There are three well-known man sites up to 10 thousand years old and two sites up to 7 thousand years old, which are evidence of the Kolbin culture of the North-East, connecting the ancient peoples of these places with the population of Chukotka and Kamchatka.

Separate sections of the cluster are evidence of the modern history of the Gulag period. It is known about the location of landing strips of the flight regiments of the Alaska-Siberia route along the Omulyovka river bed, as well as one of the death camps of that period.