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History

Institute of Biological Problems of the North is one of the youngest in the system of Academy of Sciences. Its history started in 1968 since foundation of Department of biological problems of the North in the structure of the North-East complex SRI (NECSRI) SB ASUSSR. Nikolay Alekseevich Shilo, Director of NECSRI, in early 1966 raised a possibility of organization of the Institute of Occupational Physiology in Magadan, later supported by such academicians as E.M. Kreps, V.N. Chernigovsky, A.D. Slonim, corresponding member AS D.K. Belyayev. Later on, under the influence of Dr. of Biology Nikolay Nikolaevich Vorontsov, this idea transformed into organization of the Institute of Common Biology and Occupational Physiology.

 

Finally, when traditional biologists (zoologists and botanists) appeared to be more enthusiastic and, unlike physiologists, were ready to go to Magadan, Presidium of Siberian Branch ASUSSR passed Resolution on development in SB ASUSSR of biological researches in the northern areas of Siberia and the Far East, which determined appropriateness of organization of the Institute of Biological problems of the North in Magadan. Foundation of the Department of biological problems in the structure of NECSRI became the first stage. Vitautas Leonovich Kontrimavichus, a follower of academician K.I. Skryabin, the founder of Soviet helminthology, took charge of the Department.

 

The main body of the staff was arranged from a group of researchers from the Institute of Biology SD ASUSSR (Yakutsk) chaired by a famous zoologist, Dr. of Biology O.V. Egorov, devoted his life to studying of the animal world in Siberia and the Far East. First subdivisions of the Department of biological problems of the North were Laboratory of Zoology and Parazitology, and Laboratory of Physiology with personnel of 17. Spectrum of researches, as well as the staff was in active development, and, by February 1, 1972, the moment of organization of the Institute, nine laboratories and two research groups with personnel of 110, were working already.

Originally the staff of the Institute increased mainly due to the experts invited from the central areas of the country. At the same time resent graduates, invited for work, were accepted to the post graduate courses of academic institutions and defended theses. By 1983 four theses for doctorate(Doctor of Biology) and 21 theses for candidate degree(Ph. D.) had been obtained by researchers of the Institute (total number of the theses for all the period of the Institute’s existence are over 20 for doctorate and about 70 for candidate degree). By the way, absolute majority of the present-day Chiefs of the Laboratories are former junior researchers, post graduate students and senior technical assistances in early-middle 70-ties. Thus, for rather a short period of time in the Far North-East of Russia, a team of biological researchers was organized, whose works obtained recognition both in Russia and abroad.

Directors of the Institute:

Vitautas Leonovich Kontrimavichus, Director-founder, Correspondent Member of ASUSSR, Doctor of Biology, 1968 – 1986.

Georgii Petrovich Krasnoschekov, Doctor of Biology, 1982 -1986.

Anatolii Georgievich Nazarov, Doctor of Biology, 1986 - 1987.

Alysbek Akmatbekovich Aidaraliev, Doctor of Medicine, 1988 - 1992.

Felix Borisovich Chernyavskii, Doctor of Biology, 1993 - 2005.

Igor Alexandrovich Chereshnev, Correspondent Member of RAS, Doctor of Biology, 2005 - 2013.